Konke Okumele Ukwazi Ngesifo Sofuba

Isifo sofuba, i-TB, yisifo esithathelwanayo, imvama esihlasela amaphaphu (ukuphefumula kwakho) noma ezinye izingxenye zomzimba wakho, njengobuchopho, izinso noma amalunga. Uma i-TB isabalalela kwezinye izingxenye zomzimba, ingaba inkinga enkulu.

Ngiyithola kanjani i-TB?

Uma umuntu oguliswa yi-TB ekhwehlela noma ethimula, amagciwane e-TB asabalalela emoyeni. Amagciwane angahlala emoyeni isikhathi eside. Uma uhogelela emaphashini akho amanye ala magciwane, nawe uzotheleleka.

Ngizivikela kanjani ekutholeni i-TB?
  • Uma kukhwehlela umuntu, phenduka umboze ikhala nomlomo.
  • Vula amafasitela etekisini, ekhaya nasekilasini lokufundela.
  • Hlolelwa i-TB, ikakhulukazi uma unegciwane lengculazi.

Ziyini izimpawu ze-TB?
  • ukukhwehlela njalo nesikhwehlela (amafinyila) esiluhlonzi,
  • izinga lokushisa eliphezulu (imfiva)
  • ukujuluka ebusuku,
  • ukwehla emzimbeni,
  • ukuzizwa ukhathele ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Ingelapheka yini i-TB?

Yebo, i-TB ingelapheka iphele ngemithi efanele, ngakho-ke kusemqoka impela ukudla yonke imithi yakho ye-TB ngokufaneleyo. Uma ushesha ukuyeka ukudla imithi yakho, ungakawaqedi wonke amaphilisi akho, ungagula kakhulu kunakuqala.

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B-Wise User Smanga54 9 August 2020 12:48

Hello I when I found out that I was HIV positive at the clinic they also tested me for Tb and results came back negative so I started my HIV treatment along with the treatment that will help me not getting infeced with tb so I want to know if that treatment has side effects because at night I sweat a lot.

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 August 2020 12:40

Hi there,

Yes, it has side effects. If the sweating doesn't get better then please go back to the clinic and let them know

B-Wise User Sololister 19 June 2020 12:40

Hi doctor is it safe to have sex while pregnant and aren't there any after effect

B-Wise Expert Expert 22 June 2020 10:21

Hi there,

It is safe and there is no after effect. Just make sure you and your partner have both tested for HIV and STIs

B-Wise User Avatar 18 June 2020 08:37

Hi doctor what does novatrim do

B-Wise Expert Expert 18 June 2020 12:03

Hi there,

Novatrim is an antibiotic that treats many bacterial infections.  It is also used to prevent and treat a certain type of pneumonia

B-Wise User Avatar 9 June 2020 12:53

The time I was diagnosed with tb I had a pain on my left side of the heart and sometimes it makes me have shortbreath I have been to a doctor and told me that my lungs need to be cleaned but the medication didn't help I was again admitted to the hospital because of that pain and they told me that it's because am starting treatment pls doctor cos this pain is bothering me I don't know where to go anymore

B-Wise Expert Expert 12 June 2020 15:29

Hi there,

Shortness of breath could be a sign of various illnesses. You need to go back to the hospital and explain you still have the pain, they will conduct more tests and investigate more. Also avoid activities that can make you have shortness of breath. 

B-Wise User Avatar 9 June 2020 11:45

What food can I eat to improve my immune and stay healthy

B-Wise Expert Expert 9 June 2020 12:19


You need to eat vegetables and fruits and drink a lot of water. You also musn't eat junk food

B-Wise User Anonymous 31 March 2020 15:09

does TB goes hand in hand with HIV cause when you are diagnosed with HIV you must also take pills to prevent getting TB,I need clarity please help me out cause am on ARVS and also taking TB pills,how long must I take the TB pills for???

B-Wise Expert Expert 7 April 2020 13:06

Hey there, 

If you dont have TB you should not be taking TB medication but take your ARVs 

B-Wise User Anonymous 8 February 2020 23:21

What if uhlala nomuntu one TB odla amaphilisi amphelele Saturday angabi nawo away the following day axe athole Amante Monday ngabe kuyinkinga nah ?

B-Wise Expert Expert 13 February 2020 14:57

Kufanele umntu otya Ipilisi azitate yonke imihla , angaphosi suku. Qaphela uzigade xa zizopela ipilisi zako ,uyozitata kwangetuba, xa kusheke ipilisi ezimbini yiya e clinic.

Bonke abantu abahlala kunye naye funeka beyile e clinic bayojongwa uba abosulelekanga na

B-Wise User Anonymous 13 September 2019 16:43

People with TB they must do what to get a treatment

B-Wise Expert Expert 15 September 2019 20:46

Hi there, visit our TB section to learn more about TB https://bwisehealth.com/category/tb

B-Wise User Fortunate Sithole 13 September 2019 16:42

What is TB

B-Wise Expert Expert 15 September 2019 20:46

Hi there, read this article to learn about TB https://bwisehealth.com/article/all-you-need-to-know-about-tb

B-Wise User Ano 4 March 2019 16:18

What causes TDR TB and what can be done after testing positive for TDR?

B-Wise Expert Expert 22 March 2019 11:05

Hi there, please visit our TB section to learn more about TB https://bwisehealth.com/category/tb

B-Wise User Azmaries 15 January 2019 21:42

Hi, my son who is 14 years was diagnosed with abdominal TB last year December. He has been on treatment for a month now and we making sure that he is taking his treatment well. Is it too soon for me to be worried that he is not picking up on the weight he lost? When he started treatment he experienced the side affect such as vomiting and loss of appetite but now it's better. On another note he is requested to submit a sputum at the clinic but it has been tough since he is not coughing, could you please advice on the techniques to us?

B-Wise Expert Expert 17 January 2019 20:34

Hi there, It's a good sign that his appetite is picking up...that is the first step. His weight should follow soon, so perhaps give it a little more time. If he still has other symptoms or he doesn't regain weight once he is eating well for a few weeks, let the treating clinician know so they can look into it.


The best time of day to get a sputum sample is early in the morning. He should breathe in very deeply, then out, three times. When breathing out the third time, he should cough to try and get the sputum out. It will be hard if the TB was only in the abdomen and not the chest, but this might help. Wishing him a speedy recovery.

B-Wise User Anonymous 29 December 2018 18:07

Iâ??ve been taking ARVs for 2 weeks now at the ryt time and everyday. If I continue with the habit of taking my meds correctly are there any chances that I might contact TB. But sometimes not always as Iâ??ve heard. TB and HIV is related. Not to everyone but sometimes. So is it possible?

B-Wise Expert Expert 2 January 2019 09:20

Hi there, anyone can get TB but you are more likely to get TB if your CD4 count is low. A normal CD4 count is around 500-1500. 

If your CD4 count is below 500 it will increase slowly while you are taking ARVs (by around 50 per year). 

B-Wise User Anonymous 13 December 2018 19:38

My boyfriend was diagnosed with genital tb but we can't get treatment from public clinics because it seems there's less information regarding this disease I've also noticed Genital that symptoms on me.. I need guidance and recommendations

B-Wise Expert Expert 17 December 2018 19:04

Hi there, thanks for your question.

TB may affect any part of the body, and treatment of other parts outside the lungs is similar to the treatment for pulmonary TB (TB of the lungs), although the treatment period will be much longer. Your health care provider may refer your partner to an infectious disease specialist, within the public sector, should they not be sure on how to manage that particular condition – so if providers in public clinics can’t help you, use our clinic finder to find the another clinic close to you, or ask for a referral to a specialist. If you are concerned about your own symptoms, it would be best for you to also visit your health care provider for proper assessment and management.

B-Wise User Anonymous 3 May 2018 21:46

Hi iam doing the trading of all the MDR & TB patients why is it so hard that the MDR refused to come to the clinic its the something that the health can do about the MDR plz

B-Wise Expert Expert 12 May 2018 14:06

Hi there, thank you for your question. It is great work that you are doing. The only thing we can do is work together and encourage people to make use of the services available at the local clinics. 

B-Wise User Bagawee123 25 March 2018 11:19

I finished my tb treatment a month ago, but my cough hasnt gone away, i was coughing for about a month and 2 weeks before seeking help, i tought was chest infection, private doctor referred me to clinic and was diagnosed with tb i have been on treatment for 7 months, and have been treated but i havent stopped coughing, i am coughing for 10 months( counting from the month i started coughing till today), i was coughing through the whole treatment, it got better but why am i still coughing?, i dont know what to do, i must get results on my culture on the 27th march, but ehat if its negative, what must i do, im still coughing like someone who has tb, help me please, ive got children and i want my life back, i want to enjoy life again

B-Wise Expert Expert 27 March 2018 13:15

Hi thank you for your question. It is very important that you receive your culture test result, as this can help you to know what to do next.  It is also important to go for a re-test for TB because you may have been re-infected since you finished your treatment. If the new TB test and culture are both negative, the clinic should send you for a chest X-ray. This X-ray will check if the coughing is because of permanent damage to your lungs caused by the TB. Coughing is not always because of an infection or a condition of the chest – it can also be caused by some medication. It’s best that you visit a healthcare worker at your nearest clinic, because they will be able to check you out and tell you what the problem may be. You can use the Clinic Finder to help you find a clinic nearest to you.  

B-Wise User Anonymous 13 February 2018 16:05

Hi is being 5months since i finished my tb treatment and i'm also HIV positive o'm taking medication,i was 80kg before i got sick then after my weight dropped to 60kg now i'm weighing 120kg after 5months of completing my treatment it is normal or i'm still sick? Cause my feet are still sore and painfull i cannot go to gym what must i do?please help

B-Wise Expert Expert 5 April 2018 17:23

 Hi there, thank you for your question. It is normal to lose weight when you have TB or HIV with a low CD4 count. In fact, weight loss is an indication that the diseases are worsening. So it’s great that you have started treatment for both. 

Weight gain is a sign that you are getting better. Although , it may now become necessary for you to watch how much you eat  and do some regular exercise. 

You can also speak with your nurse/ doctor to find out if you are taking any medication that causes weight gain.  

Lastly, there are other conditions that cause weight gain such problems with your thyroid. You could speak to your nurse/doctor about whether these are a possibility for you. 

B-Wise User Anonymous 10 November 2017 13:07

Can I infect other people with abdominal TB,cause I am not coughing?

B-Wise Expert Expert 26 March 2018 15:41

Hi there, thank you for your question. If you only have abdominal TB and you have never coughed, and you have never been diagnosed with pulmonary (lung) TB, it’s unlikely that you will spread TB. But it is best that those around you, especially children and anyone who is HIV positive, should get checked for TB at the local clinic. Remember to take your TB treatment and take care of yourself.

B-Wise User Anonymous 24 October 2017 12:03

Can I infect other people if I have abdominal tb , cause i'm not coughing.

B-Wise Expert Expert 5 April 2018 17:42

Hi, thank you for your question. If you only have abdominal TB and have never coughed or been diagnosed with pulmonary (lung) TB then you are unlikely to be able to spread it. However, those around, particularly young children and anyone who is HIV positive) should still be screened for TB at their local clinic. 

In the meantime, look after yourself and take your TB treatment. 

B-Wise User Anonymous 9 October 2017 13:51

Please help can abdominal tb ,comes back even after six months treatment, and how can I prevent it not to comes back again?

B-Wise Expert Expert 17 October 2017 10:16

Hi Anonymous. Yes, TB of the abdomen (and any other form of TB) can still come back after it has been treated. What you can do is to take your treatment for the 6 month period exactly as your doctor tells you. This can prevent the TB from reactivating. You can also get TB from other people even after you have completed your TB treatment – this is called re-infection. It is best to visit your nearest clinic so they can do a proper check-up.

B-Wise User Anonymous 26 September 2017 14:26

What is the different between abdominal tb and lungs or any of tb?

B-Wise Expert Expert 28 September 2017 22:39

Dear anonymous. There are different types of TB and they are named depending on where they affect the body. TB of the lungs, for example, is TB that affects the lungs. People usually catch it through inhalation (breathing in the bacteria) and it causes symptoms such as coughing and producing sputum (mucus and spit), weight loss, fever and night sweats.

TB of the abdomen affects the abdomen (stomach) and can cause symptoms such as getting fluid in the abdomen or having abdominal organs (like the liver) enlarge, as well as weight loss, fever and night sweats, vomiting and diarrhoea. It can happen if someone who has TB of the lungs swallows their sputum, or if the TB bacteria infect the lymph nodes in the abdomen.

B-Wise User Anonymous 6 September 2017 15:35

Please help with the answer on my question.

B-Wise Expert Expert 20 April 2018 12:36

Hi there, your question has been answered 

B-Wise User Anonymous 4 September 2017 15:31

Hi I've finished up my treatment for tb for six months, and I've tested negative now my problem is my feet/toe's are still sore like cold and painful so how long does the medication get out of the body system.

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 September 2017 14:05

Hi Anonymous. Congratulations on completing your TB treatment! The symptoms you described sound like those of ‘peripheral neuropathy’. It is a common symptom of medications used to treat TB, and in some cases HIV. Peripheral neuropathy can also result from use of other medication and chronic diseases. If you haven’t been tested for HIV, make sure you get tested soon and know your status. If it’s a side effect of medication, it usually goes away after some time – but either way, there are medications that can help with your symptoms. It is important to consult with a health care worker to be sure of the reason for the neuropathy, so that you can get the right treatment.  

B-Wise User Anonymous 18 August 2017 11:15

I tested hiv positive in last 7weeks. I'm in therapy and now. My blood results can negative for kidney and for tbs also negative. But I have terrible back pain as if is kidney. What must I do. Still nauseous every morning hope is side effects of therapy but till when cos I'm on therapy for 6weeks now. Help please

B-Wise Expert Expert 19 August 2017 16:05

Hi anonymous, Well done for getting tested and starting therapy! You are doing what is best for your health! It can take a few weeks for your body to get used to the medications and it is quite normal to have a few side effects in the beginning. These usually go away with time, so don't stop taking the medicines. If the side effects are getting worse or still worrying you, it is best just to go back to the clinic so that they can make sure there is nothing else that is causing these and they can give you something to help settle the pain. Looking for a clinic near you? No worries! You can find and rate a clinic near you on B-Wise here: http://ow.ly/VuKr30ewGLo 

B-Wise User Anonymous 11 August 2017 12:17

Hi I've been taking medication for tb for the past six months, now my question is what kind of drinks (alcohol) is perfect for my health after tested negative results.

B-Wise Expert Expert 14 August 2017 23:07

Hi Anonymous, well done for taking your medication! Taking TB treatment doesn’t affect which alcohol you can or can’t drink once you’ve finished with treatment. But for any person, alcohol should be used in a safe environment and in moderation (a maximum of 1 drink per day for women and 2 drinks a day for men), with at least two alcohol-free days per week.