Different kinds of contraceptives and family planning: options to prevent pregnancy

It is important to learn about the different kinds of contraception before you choose the best one for you! Here is some information but it is best to talk to your doctor or nurse to get more information.


Condoms:

  • The male condom is worn by a man and keeps sperm from getting into a woman's body.
  • The female condom is worn by a woman and helps keeps sperm from getting into her body.
  • This is the only contraception that prevents HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as herpes.
  • They are free at your local clinic and can be cheap at some pharmacies and shops

Contraceptive Pill:

  • These pills come in a packet of 28 and you should take them once daily at the same time.
  • It prevents your body from being able to fall pregnant by stopping the egg each month.
  • It does not prevent STIs and HIV.
  • It is free at your local clinic.

Injection:

  • You will get an injection from a doctor or nurse every 2 months (alternative injections are every 3 months).
  • It prevents your body from being able to fall pregnant by stopping the egg each month.
  • It is very convenient and you don't have to take pills every day
  • It does not prevent STIs and HIV.
  • It is free at your local clinic.

Sub-dermal Contraceptive Implant:

  • A thin stick (the size of a match stick) that is put under the skin of a women's upper arm.
  • It prevents pregnancy for 3 years by stopping your body from releasing the egg every month. The pill, injection and implant all work in the same way.
  • It is the most effective form of contraception
  • It does not prevent STIs and HIV.
  • It is free at your local clinic.

IUD (Intrauterine contraceptive device)

  • A device is put inside your vagina (in the womb) by a doctor or nurse
  • It stops the sperm and egg from meeting and making a baby.
  • It can last for at between 5-10 years.
  • It does not prevent STIs and HIV.

Emergency Contraception**

Morning After Pill

  • Should only be used as emergency pill. It is not healthy to use it again and again.
  • It must be taken between 72-120 hours (3-5 days) after you had unprotected sex (sex without a condom).
  • It is free at your local clinic and can be cheap at some pharmacies.
** The IUD (see above) can also be used as an emergency contraceptive method.

Permanent contraception

Voluntary Sterilisation:

  • A doctor performs an operation where the pathway for sperm (in men) or an egg (in women) is tied or cut.
  • It can be undone but doesn't mean that you'll be able to fall pregnant again.
  • It does not prevent STIs including HIV.
  • It's free at some health care facilities.

Likes
25
Add a Comment/Question
77
You need to be signed in to add a comment or like an article.


SIGN IN


B-Wise User Anonymous 11 August 2020 13:57

hey How old do u have to be to go to the clinic and get an injection or the pills?

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 August 2020 13:58

Hi, 

You need to be 12 years or older



B-Wise User Anonymous 11 August 2020 09:10

I've been using 2months injection for 7 years and I stopped using it for the past 5months,my partner and I are planning on getting our second child so how long will it my body to free from the injection?

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 August 2020 13:48

Hello,

Since you were using the injection for so long, it could take up to a year. It can also happen sooner. It depends on your body



B-Wise User Anonymous 11 August 2020 09:02

How lomg does it take for the injection to be out of your body or system

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 August 2020 13:47

Hello,

It is different for different people. It can take between 6 to 12 months but you can still get pregnant if you have unprotected sex so make sure you are using a condom.



B-Wise User Anonymous 9 August 2020 17:49

I'm on Repo provera since we gave birth on March The side effects of it are disturbing me I have an itchy skin, frequent urination and spotting for more than ten days and sometimes I can't hold urine for more than two minutes it passes before I could arrive at the toilet what can I do

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 August 2020 12:54

Hello,

You need to go to the clinic to tell them about these side effects if they don't get better. They will see what works better for your body.



B-Wise User Anonymous 17 July 2020 21:03

Hi. What happens if you have prolonged periods when you are on narstirate? Will that damage your womb or fertility?

B-Wise Expert Expert 21 July 2020 17:48

Hi there,

No it won't damage anything. You will still be fertile. You just need to be patient until your period goes back to normal or stops completely



B-Wise User Anonymous 17 July 2020 19:40

Hi. I'm on narstirate for the first time and it's my second month .i had my periods on 28 june ended on 1 july. I've been spotting ever since and on 15 July it's like I'm on my periods again , I'm bleeding . I'm scared and i don't know when it's gonna stop . I'm afraid if this will ruin my life . Is this normal?

B-Wise Expert Expert 21 July 2020 17:47

Hello,

What is happening is completely normal. Your period will change a bit especially since you have only started taking the injection now. Be patient.



B-Wise User Anonymous 16 July 2020 15:06

Is it possible to fall pregnant when you are preventing (like having injections,pills...)

B-Wise Expert Expert 17 July 2020 15:33

Hi there,

The chances are very low when you are on a contraceptive



B-Wise User Benzo 14 July 2020 17:07

Hey there can male also contraception/can prevent like women and if yes where can I go?

B-Wise Expert Expert 15 July 2020 10:10

Hello,

Boys and men have contraception which is condoms. You must always use a condom when having sex. Men do not have the other contraceptives like women. You can get condoms at the clinic.



B-Wise User Anonymous 13 July 2020 22:57

Hey there There's any side effects when I have Sub-dermal Contraceptive Implant and I'D in my body My partner is hiv positive so I would like to know we want to try role/four players in our love nest so Having oral sex with my partner there any high risk of getting hiv

B-Wise Expert Expert 14 July 2020 10:34

Hello,

Common side effects of the implant and IUD include changes to menstrual cycle, headaches and some cramping at the beginning. Some people don't experience any side effects.

The chances of getting HIV from oral sex are low but you can get STIs:

Read this: https://bwisehealth.com/article/can-i-get-an-sti-from-oral-sex



B-Wise User Anonymous 6 July 2020 09:09

Do u think rushing into sex is a good idea

B-Wise Expert Expert 6 July 2020 16:34

Hello there,

Read this article: https://bwisehealth.com/article/sex-on-the-mind-are-you-ready



B-Wise User Anonymous 5 July 2020 14:48

What are the side effects of contraception

B-Wise Expert Expert 6 July 2020 16:13

Hello,

Side effects depend on how your body reacts to the contraceptive so there are different side effects for different people. Some side effects include: heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, headaches, nausea, a bit of weight gain for some people



B-Wise User Anonymous 2 July 2020 22:32

Hi doc am 3months injection I started last year August before I have to go to the clinic for my other injection I will be spotting for like days or week and brown discharge...

B-Wise Expert Expert 3 July 2020 12:39

Hello.

This is normal when you are on the injection



B-Wise User Anonymous 26 June 2020 22:35

Can i use a morning after pill when i had unprotected sex, while I'm also on narstirate? Is it safe? Coz also some partners can be rough and break a condom during sex and . I just want to be safe and protected since is my first month on narstirate .i don't want to fall pregnant

B-Wise Expert Expert 28 June 2020 16:26

Hello,

I don't recommend you use the morning after pill. You will be fine if you condomise every time you have sex. After 7-10 days, you will be protected by the injection



B-Wise User Anonymous 23 June 2020 09:44

Can morning after pill make you miss your period on the month you took them

B-Wise Expert Expert 23 June 2020 16:39

Hello,

Yes they can



B-Wise User Khilogram 18 June 2020 11:15

It is normal being in periods if m in contraception

B-Wise Expert Expert 18 June 2020 12:05

Hi there,

Yes it is normal to have your period when you are on contraceptives. Some women keep having their periods.



B-Wise User Anonymous 17 June 2020 18:13

Am I ready to have sex I'm 13years

B-Wise Expert Expert 18 June 2020 11:50

Hello,

Please read this article: https://bwisehealth.com/article/sex-on-the-mind-are-you-ready




Cancel  




B-Wise User Anonymous 15 June 2020 23:19

Hi do they sell contraceptive pills at pharmacies

B-Wise Expert Expert 17 June 2020 11:24

Hi there,

You usually need a doctor's prescription to get them. 



B-Wise User Thulo Nene 24 May 2020 22:42

Hii,I just want to know what is the meaning of being bisexual?

B-Wise Expert Expert 25 May 2020 15:03

Hello,

Read this article for an answer: https://bwisehealth.com/article/what-does-bisexual-mean-the-lowdown



B-Wise User Ntsikiey 18 May 2020 23:41

Hi there, with an IUD can I still go to my periods?

B-Wise Expert Expert 19 May 2020 15:58

Hi there,

Yes you can. Your periods might change (become less or shorter)



B-Wise User Anonymous 16 May 2020 15:14

Are morning after pills okay?

B-Wise Expert Expert 18 May 2020 11:08

Hi there,

What do you mean are they okay?

They are good to use in the cases where a person has unprotected sex. It's best to get and take them within 72 hours. They are for emergency situations and can't be used as a regular contraceptive



B-Wise User Anonymous 4 April 2020 09:57

If you do inplant you won't fall pregnant

B-Wise Expert Expert 7 April 2020 14:25

The implant is a highly effective method of contraception



B-Wise User Anonymous 26 March 2020 20:48

I stopped prevent 4years ago and I want second child.what can I do to fall pregnant???

B-Wise Expert Expert 27 March 2020 15:46

hello, 


You and your partner should visit your doctor for more tests. There may be different reasons why you are unable to have another baby 



B-Wise User Anonymous 19 March 2020 12:50

I have been I the 3months contraceptive injection I stopped to take it for 3months how long will it take me to get pregnant we are ready for our 2nd child now

B-Wise Expert Expert 7 April 2020 13:40

Hi Matse,

I am happy you have started to plan your family well.

So the injection you were in has progesterone and it takes 9-12 months for one to go back to the original state after stopping.

But people are not the same, our bodies are not the same. Keep trying and monitor your ovulation days that will also help.

(https://bwisehealth.com/article/different-kinds-of-contraceptives-and-family-planning-options-to-prevent-pregnancy)



B-Wise User Anonymous 18 September 2019 11:34

Hello...am very confused guys CU's am on nuristerate and I use to get my period on 15th so then last month I started the shot on the 2 the of August so I got my period on the 31th then after my period I got spotting and also from now ..I don't think is a spotting cus am bleeding a heavy blood like a period.. And last I went to the clinic they told me that is the hormones the injection is trying to known my body ..so its normal or what..!

B-Wise Expert Expert 23 September 2019 10:24

Hi there, it is possible for a contraceptive to change your period as it is releasing hormones, this is normal.



B-Wise User Anonymous 17 April 2019 20:11

Hi Last Year I Used this 2Months injection I used it for like 7 Months And still I'm not having my Periods....please Help What Can i do?

B-Wise Expert Expert 26 April 2019 09:22

Hi there, thank you for your question. If you are talking about the contraceptive injection then the purpose of the injection is to stop getting your periods. 



B-Wise User Anonymous 27 February 2019 10:14

Does pep prevent HIV after you had unprotected sex with person who is positive and does not take pills

B-Wise Expert Expert 27 February 2019 11:23

Hi there, click here to learn about PEP https://bwisehealth.com/article/what-is-pep-and-how-can-it-help-me



B-Wise User Anonymous 21 February 2019 20:37

How about implanon how does it work??

B-Wise Expert Expert 25 February 2019 13:08

Hi there, the implant t releases the hormone progestin to stop you from getting pregnant. The hormones in the birth control implant prevent pregnancy in two ways: Progestin thickens the mucus on your cervix, which stops sperm from swimming through to your egg. 



B-Wise User Anonymous 18 February 2019 14:54

What happens if I use the Morning after pill excessively, how can I be affected?

B-Wise Expert Expert 18 February 2019 20:45

Hi there, using the morning after pill excessively can possibly cause infertility 



B-Wise User Anonymous 14 November 2018 13:54

Is it safe for me to have sex while im on my periods?

B-Wise Expert Expert 20 November 2018 11:10

Hi there, yes it is, however if you are HIV infected and you are not on antiretrovirals, there is a risk of increased HIV transmission to your partner. You may also still fall pregnant. So please make sure you use dual protection (contraceptive and condoms).



B-Wise User Anonymous 12 November 2018 18:49

Is it safe for me to have sex while im on my periods?

B-Wise Expert Expert 20 November 2018 11:10

Hi there, yes it is, however if you are HIV infected and you are not on antiretrovirals, there is a risk of increased HIV transmission to your partner. You may also still fall pregnant. So please make sure you use dual protection (contraceptive and condoms).



B-Wise User Boits 9 November 2018 21:30

So since I got Depo injection at first should I wait for my periods to come back to being normal again before I can start with an implant?

B-Wise Expert Expert 10 November 2018 15:44

Hi again Boits,  when you go to the clinic, the nurse will advice you on what would be best for you after they have checked you up.



B-Wise User Boits 7 November 2018 13:22

Hey In July I went for my first Depo injection and I've been having longer periods and that made me change my mind about it...I didnt go for my second one last month.I now want to use an Implant,what will be neede at the clinic when I get there? Please help

B-Wise Expert Expert 8 November 2018 12:43

Hi Boits, thank you for your question. Once you go to the clinic and fill out the forms, you will wait to see a nurse or a doctor. They will check you up and tell you when you can come through to get the implant, if you are lucky they will do it the same time for you.



B-Wise User Anonymous 15 November 2017 10:00

Is there a pill I can use only before having sex but not daily?

B-Wise Expert Expert 5 April 2018 16:36

Hi there, that you for your interesting question. There is no pill that you can take before having sex, but don’t worry there are many different contraceptives that you can use. The condom is ALWAYS your best protection, because it can help to prevent pregnancy and HIV infection. If the pill is not working for you. There is a patch that you can get that lasts for seven days, you put it on you every 7 days. Take a look at our article on Different kinds of contraceptives and family planning: options to prevent pregnancy.



B-Wise User Mimi_1 4 January 2017 09:16

Hi I had sex on the 24 November and took the morning after pill in November 25 and i was bleeding for the whole week from the 7 December bt it was light. I haven't had my period since then and im worried. My last normal period ended November 21 Help please.

B-Wise Expert Expert 4 January 2017 13:34

Thanks so much for your question. You did the right thing by taking the morning after pill. This is normal and your cycle should reset itself within the next two weeks. But if not, go to the clinic for a pregnancy test. It is also a good idea to speak to the nurse about contraception, so you don’t have to take the morning after pill. It’s also a good idea to get tested for HIV and other STIs during your clinic visit. 



B-Wise User justina 6 October 2016 17:18

I would like to know more about a patch and where to get it?

B-Wise Expert Expert 11 October 2016 14:00

Hi Justina, what an excellent question! The patch is a method of contraceptive that you stick to the skin and it releases hormones (progesterone and oestrogen) into the body. These hormones are the same hormones that are in injections and pills. This prevents pregnancy from happening, but it will not prevent HIV or STIs. So remember to still use condoms every time you have sex to prevent HIV and STIs. The patch is not available in public clinics and hospitals, but if you get a prescription from a doctor, you can buy it at a pharmacy. If you want more information on contraceptives check out the section KNOW YOUR BODY: The Basics of S-E-X on B-Wise.


B-Wise User Beyonce_1 12 September 2016 12:17

Hi BWise I recently heard that the Depo injection increases a woman's chance of getting HIV by up to 49%, is this true? I am worried about this coz many women I know are using this injection and not by choice but coz nurses force them to and refuse to give them the pill. they cant afford to buy their pills so they rely on public clinics and no one tells them this risk :-(

B-Wise Expert Expert 20 April 2018 13:44

Hi Beyonce, Thanks for your interest in contraceptives methods. There is research on if the Depo injection increases your chances of getting HIV. No matter what the final results, condoms are the only method that can protect you from HIV and unwanted pregnancy. It is a good idea that to use 'dual protection' or a contraceptive with a condom. Nurses are there to help you choose a contraceptive method that is best for you. For more information on contraceptives check out the KNOW YOUR BODY: Girl's Body Guide.



B-Wise Expert Expert 16 September 2016 14:00

Hi Beyonce, Thanks for your interest in contraceptives methods. There is research on if the Depo injection increases your chances of getting HIV. No matter what the final results, condoms are the only method that can protect you from HIV and unwanted pregnancy. It is a good idea that to use 'dual protection' or a contraceptive with a condom. Nurses are there to help you choose a contraceptive method that is best for you. For more information on contraceptives check out the KNOW YOUR BODY: Girl's Body Guide.


B-Wise User Beyonce_1 8 September 2016 12:05

Hi BWise, I want to put the Sub-dermal Contraceptive Implant but i am anemic, is this a good idea? I am worried about bleeding because the injection made me bleed non-stop and I had to stop using it. I am using the patch at the moment but I wanna use something a little more permanent. PLEASE HELP.

B-Wise Expert Expert 20 April 2018 13:44

Hi Beyonce, it's great that you are asking for help. With the Sub-dermal implant, it is also common to have bleeding like the injection. You can try an intrauterine device (IUD, coil or loop) if you want something more long term. But it is best to talk to your nurse or doctor about your questions or concerns about contraceptive methods. For more information on contraceptives read: https://bwisehealth.com/article/117b52fd-4868-11e6-a49b-d0534926c161



B-Wise Expert Expert 9 September 2016 17:00

Hi Beyonce, it's great that you are asking for help. With the Sub-dermal implant, it is also common to have bleeding like the injection. You can try an intrauterine device (IUD, coil or loop) if you want something more long term. But it is best to talk to your nurse or doctor about your questions or concerns about contraceptive methods. For more information on contraceptives read: https://bwisehealth.com/article/117b52fd-4868-11e6-a49b-d0534926c161


B-Wise User Anonymous 6 November 2015 00:06

very gratfull for this enformaton