Different types of mental illness

There are a lot of ways people can struggle with their feelings and mental health. We can't cover them all here, but here are some mental illnesses that are quite common.

  • Mood disorders: like depression - which is not just feeling sad or down, but being very low and hopeless for a long time, so much so that it stops you from being able to live your life as you would normally.

  • Anxiety disorder and trauma: Sometimes people feel so scared or worried about something that it takes over their lives. After a trauma (a shocking or life threatening event), this often happens.

  • Psychotic disorders: Here people are not always sure what is real and what is not, and they might hear, see or believe things that aren't real.

  • Addictive disorders: Many people become addicted to drugs, alcohol, or even gambling, and then they need rehab or support groups to help them get better.

Mental illness can happen to anyone. If you think you or someone you know might be suffering from one of these, speak to a trusted adult or visit your clinic to speak to a health worker, counsellor or a psychologist about getting help. You can also call the Depression and Mental Health Helpline: call 0800 567 567.


For more on mental illness, check out B-Wise's Mental Health Toolbox


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B-Wise User Ano 10 October 2018 22:00

Can hormonal imbalance cause mood disorder? And what is the treatment for it

B-Wise Expert Expert 12 October 2018 17:28

Hi Ano. Thank you for your question. Hormones are powerful chemicals that help keep our bodies working normally. Hormonal imbalances are linked to depression, anxiety, insomnia (sleeplessness) and other mental-health related problems. Hormonal imbalances can affect your mood but your doctor would need to do a full examination; assessing your medical history and symptoms. They can also take blood tests to diagnose any hormone imbalances. Once a full assessment is done, your doctor would then determine the best effective treatment for you.  




B-Wise User Anonymous 9 February 2018 15:36

Hi i have been having alot axiety and stress starting treatment and losing weight especially having to hide the pills from my parent i want to know do the pills have side effects to mood swings and depression

B-Wise Expert Expert 16 February 2018 11:02

Hi anonymous, if you’re feeling stress and anxiety, it’s best that you go to your nearest clinic for further counselling. The counsellors at the clinic are well trained to provide you with most of the answers to your fears/concerns. The doctor or nurse will also give you more information before they start you on treatment. To answer your question, yes, most pills have side effects - but the side effects are not always serious, and they usually get better within a few days or weeks. Well done on the big, important decision you’ve taken about your health.