What is ADHD?

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It’s a disorder that affects how a person pays attention to things. It can be seen in both children and adults, but we usually notice it when someone is at school.

There are 3 main kinds of behaviours that we see in people with ADHD:

·         Inattention: This is when someone finds it hard to keep their attention on one thing. Their mind keeps wandering and they are forgetful. They might daydream a lot and can’t focus on their work for long.

·         Hyperactivity: This means someone has a lot of energy! They find it hard to sit still and are always moving. This could happen even when they really have to stay still (like during an exam).

·         Impulsivity: People who are impulsive do and say whatever comes into their mind, and don’t always think about the consequences. It’s difficult for them to wait their turn.

People with ADHD might be an inattentive type, or a hyperactive-impulsive type, or a combination of both. ADHD is usually treated with medication and counselling, but parents and teachers can also give a lot of help and support.

For more about why your brain and emotions are important at school, read our article “How your mental health affects your schoolwork”.

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