Female reproductive system explained

The female reproductive system is made up of organs which are on the inside and outside of the body. These organs each play a role in reproduction (having children).

Here are the major organs that make up the reproductive system:

Vulva: The vulva are the parts of the female reproductive system that are on the outside of the body. This includes the labia which are folds of skin that look like lips. Note, a lot of people refer to the vulva as the vagina, but the vagina is actually inside of the body.

Vagina: The vagina is the opening between a female’s legs. The vagina is the passageway that menstrual blood (period) comes out of. It is also the passageway through which a baby is born. In addition, it is where a penis can be inserted or where a partner can use other body parts including their mouth (oral sex), fingers or both to stimulate. Sex toys can also enter the vagina during sex.

Cervix: This is a ring of muscle at the top of the vaginal passage, sort of like a ‘doorway’ into the uterus. The cervix has strong, thick walls. The opening of the cervix is very small (no wider than a straw)

Uterus: Also called the womb. The uterus is where a baby grows during pregnancy. The uterus lining also sheds if you are not pregnant and forms part of what comes out as your period.

Ovaries: These organs produce eggs and are where the female hormones (chemical messengers) oestrogen and progesterone are made. If an egg is fertilised (met) by a sperm, you can get pregnant. 

Fallopian Tubes: These are two tubes leading from the ovaries into the uterus. The ovum (egg) travels down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized (meet the sperm).

Urethra: The urethra is a tube that carries urine (pee) from the bladder to outside of the body

Want to find out more about the male reproductive system? Click Here.

Curious about what menstruation is and which organs are responsible for this cycle? Check out this article.

The uterus is the organ responsible for carrying a baby when a female is pregnant. Find out more about pregnancy here.

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